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Culex pipiens,
house mosquito

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Taxonomic lineage

cellular organisms - Eukaryota - Fungi/Metazoa group - Metazoa - Eumetazoa - Bilateria - Coelomata - Protostomia - Panarthropoda - Arthropoda - Mandibulata - Pancrustacea - Hexapoda - Insecta - Dicondylia - Pterygota - Neoptera - Endopterygota - Diptera - Nematocera - Culicimorpha - Culicoidea - Culicidae - Culicinae - Culicini - - Culex - Culex pipiens complex - Culex pipiens

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Brief facts

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Life cycle of Culex pipiens

Life Cycle Stages

Life cycle of Culex pipiens represents a variation of the the multivoltine life cycle (according to a classification system for Northeastern mosquito life cycles): non-desiccation resistant eggs laid directly on water; larvae develop in polluted water habitats; multiple generations each year; overwinters as a mated female.

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West Nile virus transmizssion cycle

Aaron C. Brault. Changing patterns of West Nile virus transmission: altered vector competence and host susceptibility Vet Res. 2009 Mar–Apr; 40(2): 43.

Transmission cycles of WNV.
Transmission cycles of WNV. Transmission occurs between ornithophilic mosquito species (Culex spp.) and passeriform avian hosts. Birds typically manifest high viremias capable of exceeding oral infection thresholds for many mosquito vectors. Humans and equines fail to generate sufficient viremia for the infection of mosquito hosts and are deemed "dead end" or tangential hosts. Red: Avian mortality was first identified in a migratory stork and subsequently in commercially farmed geese in the late 1990s and has subsequently been associated with widespread mortality among numerous North American avian species (in particular, corvids).

West Nile virus taxonomy, brief facts, biology and epidemiology at MetaPathogen.

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Liza Gross. A New Model for Predicting Outbreaks of West Nile Virus PLoS Biol. 2006 April; 4(4): e101.

Culex spp larva
A shift in the feeding behavior of Culex mosquitoes (their larvae amass in standing water, as seen above) helps explain the rising incidence of West Nile virus in North America. (Image: James Gathany, CDC)

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Culex in PubMed

Free articles

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