MetaPathogen.com/Pathogen survival

 

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Survival of selected pathogens

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Please note that apparent presence of a pathogen as determined by molecular biology methods (such as PCR) does not indicate that the pathogen preserved its infectivity. So, the data below are for very rough reference only.

Bacteria
Fungi (yeast)
Viruses

Bacteria

Species Disease/symptoms Surface Duration of persistence Reference
Acinetobacter spp. pneumonia, wound-associated infections, meningitis dry inanimate surface 3 days to 5 months 1
Bordetella pertussis"whooping cough" dry inanimate surface 3-5 days 1
Campylobacter jejuni enteritis, "food poisoning" dry inanimate surface up to 6 days 1
Clostridium difficile (spores) pseudomembranous colitis dry inanimate surface 5 months 1
Chlamydia pneumoniae various respiratory ailments dry inanimate surface less than 30 hours 1
Corynebacterium diphtheriae diphtheria dry inanimate surface 7 days-6 months 1
Escherichia coli gastrointestinal infection dry inanimate surface 1.5 hours-16 months 1
Helicobacter pylori chronic stomach or duodenal ulcers dry inanimate surface less than 1.5 hours 1
Mycobacterium bovis tuberculosis dry inanimate surface more than 2 months 1
Neisseria gonorrhoeae gonorrhea inanimate surface 1-3 days 1
Proteus vulgaris urinary tract and wound infections dry inanimate surface 1-2 days 1
Pseudomonas aeruginosa various severe infections (wound, blood, etc.) dry inanimate surface 5 weeks on dry floor 1
Salmonella typhi typhoid fever dry inanimate surface 6 hours - 4 weeks 1
Staphylococcus aureus skin, respiratory infections, endocarditis, toxic shock syndrome dry inanimate surface 7 days - 7 months 1
Vibrio cholerae cholera dry inanimate surface 1-7 days 1

Fungi (yeast)

Species Disease/symptoms Surface Duration of persistence Reference
Candida albicans hospital-associated infections, "yeast infection", "thrush" dry inanimate surface 1-120 days 1
Candida parapsilosis wound and tissue infections in immunocompromised patients dry inanimate surface 14 days 1
Torulopsis glabrata wound and tissue infections in immunocompromised patients dry inanimate surface 102-150 days 1

Viruses

Type of virus Disease/symptoms Surface Duration of persistence Reference
Adenovirus infections range from the common cold syndrome to pneumonia, croup, and bronchitis dry inanimate surface 7 days - 3 months 1
Astrovirus gastroenteritis accompanied by diarrhea, fever, vomiting, etc. dry inanimate surface 14 days 1
Coronavirus SARS, gastroenteritis, common colds dry inanimate surface 3 hours 1
Coxsackie virus wide range of infections (common cold, herpangina, hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, etc) dry inanimate surface more than 2 weeks 1
Cytomegalovirus asymptomatic, fever, hepatitis dry inanimate surface 8 hours 1
HIV AIDS dry inanimate surface more than 7 days 1
Influenza virus influenza, "flu" dry inanimate surface 1-2 days 1
Papillomavirus 16 asymptomatic, tumors, cancer dry inanimate surface more than 7 days days 1
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) from commom cold to severe respiratory distress dry inanimate surface up to 6 hours 1
Rhinovirus sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and cough; sometimes accompanied by muscle aches, fatigue, malaise, headache dry inanimate surface 2 hours-7 days 1
Rotavirus vomiting, watery diarrhoea, and low-grade fever dry inanimate surface 6-60 days 1

References